Whenever the term hacker is mentioned, many people create a picture of someone who breaks into networks to misuse the information contained within them and impart chaos to show the power and control they have. Most individuals believe hackers have nothing good associated with them. Though they are depicted in a bad picture, they play a significant role as expert computer programmers.
While hackers can do harm, there are real hackers who can do good things to the community. For example, some hackers have unearthed abuse and corruption in their states. Hackers usually break into networks of companies that have weak security. Thus, the reason many businesses hire hackers to assist them in protecting their systems. Below are the different types of hackers that businesses look to hire.
White Hat Hackers
White Hat Hackers are also called ethical hackers. Their name suggests beyond doubt that they do good things. These are the type of hackers that companies look to hire. They work in a company or organization, and with its consent and knowledge, they hack the computer systems to find out errors. Unlike, other hackers who do this for their benefit, white hat hackers share the details of their findings with the company. These types of hackers find it ethical to exercise their influence for the interest of the society rather than causing harm.
Like other businesses where agencies act as links to excellent staff, so it is with white-hat hackers. Some companies register these network security specialists. The computer security agencies hire white hat hackers to check the weaknesses of systems and assist the clients to handle dire situations.
Although they use the same techniques like black hat hackers, they are exceptional because they have the company’s permission and hence their actions are legal. These are hackers with the required ethical hacking training certificates.
Blue Hat Hackers
Any company, before launching any system, loves to know if it is secure. This is by bug-testing the system before its inception. Companies use blue hat hackers to find the weakness that can be utilized and try to fix these gaps in advance. The blue hat hackers are usually people outside a computer security consulting agency.
Black hat hackers
Though skilled, these hackers have malicious intentions. They are controlled by the desire to revenge. They are the computer users who are vandalizing other people’s networks and stealing from them. They are electronic criminals in every sense. They are also accountable for writing malware which is a method used to get right on entry to these systems. Their primary objective is typically personal or financial gain. However, they can also be involved in a protest, cyber intelligence, or perhaps are just obsessed to the excitement of cyber-crime.
They get involved in the following most common cyber crimes:
- Identity theft
- Damaging networks by overflowing them with users
- Producing viruses
- Vandalizing systems
- Creating worms and various destructive programs
However, companies seeking revenge should be careful when using this type of hackers.
Gray hat hacker
A gray hat hacker is someone who violates ethical principles, but without the nasty intentions attributed to black hat hackers. Gray hat hackers may take on practices that appear somehow completely above board but are often doing it for the common interest. They stand for the middle ground between white hat hackers, who operate on behalf of those maintaining protected systems, and black hat hackers who work unkindly to abuse vulnerabilities in systems. Their operation is still regarded illegal since they do not act with the consent of the owner.
Unlike the Black hat hackers, Gray Hat hackers do not obtain by threat or sell private information. They instead offer to sell their services and coding hacks to government agencies, including intelligence and military agencies.
Precautions to take when hiring hackers
If a company decides to hire a hacker, whether ethical or unethical, they should take steps to shield the company from the probable consequences by: The hacker signing a service contract that very clearly sets limitations and prohibits any use or sharing of data collected in testing or other sections of the job. The agreement should also specify the penalties for violation.
Don’t give the hacker access to more than he requires in order to perform his task. For example, avoid sharing official passwords. Since not all hackers are the same, you should be careful as there are some marauding as white hat hackers but end up changing your passwords. Make sure robust intrusion detection or prevention controls are in place. Ensure the hacker has the AWS Certification.
At the end of the day, the type of hacker to get depends on the company. Are your intentions to protect the company’s computer systems or to revenge? The purpose determines the type of hacker the company employs.