Asthma is a chronic disease caused in the bronchial tubes of the lungs that help in transferring air to and from the lungs. The air supply inside the lungs gets restricted in Asthma. The most common symptoms of Asthma include periodic attacks or tightness in the chest, coughing a lot and feeling breathless often. The airways swell during Asthma and become sensitive to the substances a person might inhale.
In this article, we discuss more the diseases, its symptoms, causes, and treatment. We also discuss the measures you can take in order to control Asthma.
The symptoms of Asthma vary from person to person. Some people have infrequent asthma attacks only on certain times while some may have symptoms all the time.
The few common symptoms of Asthma include:
- Shortness in breathing
- Chest Pain or tightness in the chest
- Coughing and Wheezing to a large extent
- Trouble sleeping due to shortness of breath or coughing.
- Wheezing sound while exhaling normally.
The severe symptoms that depict your asthma may be worsening are:
- Asthma signs and symptoms are frequent and keep bothering you.
- Increasing difficulty to breathe
- Use of quick-relief inhaler is quite often
At times, the symptoms of Asthma worsen during some situations in many people. Occupational Asthma that is triggered at the workplaces due to irritants like chemical fumes or dust. Allergy-induced asthma is triggered by airborne substances present in the atmosphere. Exercise-induced asthma is triggered when the air becomes colder and drier.
A number of factors can contribute to the development of asthma in a person. The main causes of Asthma include:
According to various studies conducted, most patients who have Asthma also have an allergy. A study suggests that about 65 percent of adults over the age of 50 years with asthma also suffer from an allergy. Whereas around 75 percent of adults between ages 20 to 40 with asthma have an allergy.
According to researches, smoking tobacco increased the risk of asthma and respiratory infection. The children whose parents smoke are often at an increased risk of developing asthma early.
Smoking has a direct effect on the airways and only worsens the already existing asthma problem by adding incessant coughing and breathlessness to it.
Air pollution also contributes to the development and triggering of asthma. Air Pollution both inside the house and outside the house contributes to the development of Asthma.
The main environmental factors that trigger Asthma include:
- Sulfur Dioxide
- Nitrogen Dioxide
- Cold Temperatures
- High Humidity
People who are constantly under stress have an increased risk of developing asthma. Additionally, adapting asthma triggering activities like smoking during stress may also contribute to the triggering of asthma.
Emotional responses, both positive and negative, also trigger asthma attacks.
At times, asthma can pass from a parent on to their child. Studies suggest if a parent has asthma, the child experiences a 25 percent chance of developing asthma. This occurs because many genes are involved in the occurrence of asthma in the human body. These genes become active in interacting with the environment and may lead to asthma in the next generations.
Asthma attacks are commonly faced by people who have asthma. Asthma attacks mostly occur when the symptoms of asthma are at a peak. They occur suddenly and can be mild or severe. In asthma attacks, the swelling in airways prevents the oxygen from reaching the lungs. This, in turn, stops the oxygen from entering the bloodstream and thus to reach the various organs.
Asthma attacks are very fatal and need immediate treatment. Effective methods to control asthma can contribute to better living condition every day.
Depending upon the type of Asthma and its severeness, Asthma is treated. Asthma can never be cured completely, but it can be prevented to a large extent by adopting proper measures and medication.
The doctor conducts a number of tests depending upon the symptoms you are facing and then provides you with proper medication.
Lung Function Test, Challenge Test is a few of the tests done to determine whether the patient has Asthma or not.
Thus, it is prescribed to consult the doctor and act accordingly as suggested by him.
The goal of asthma management is to achieve control over asthma and its symptoms by monitoring the disease, avoiding triggering sources, and using proper medication. Asthma affects people in different ways as some suffer from the symptoms of asthma constant, whereas some experience the symptoms every few weeks. Some people have their asthma controlled and thus hardly experience any symptoms.
Remember, to keep a record of all the activities and the methods you adopt in the form of health diary. Given below are a few steps that you need to follow for your asthma management:
- Monitor your Asthma Control
Common asthma symptoms are well known to everyone. Keeping track of your symptoms helps you in keeping asthma in control.
- Understanding Your Medication is Necessity
A variety of medication techniques are available for the treatment of asthma. As each person’s asthma is different, your doctor helps you to understand your condition and suggest proper medication.
- Try Reducing your Asthma Triggers
Identify your asthma triggers by careful examination. Analyze them and learn the simple ways that can help you in limiting those asthma triggers.
- Learn Asthma Self-Management Skills
Analyze and research more about asthma and act accordingly.
- Stay Active
Physical activeness is most important for people who have asthma. Physical activity controls lung capacity and blood flow and thus proves to be a great option for the people who have asthma to stay healthy.
Asthma is of many types and can range in severity. A number of causes of asthma are present that can lead to asthma. Asthma attacks are sudden and can be mild to severe. Diagnosing asthma has become necessary. Above all, it is important to teach asthma management in order to keep asthma in control and lead a happy life.