Off Broadway

He Says: Bernard Shaw’s Caesar & Cleopatra Swims Along Across Choppy Waters

He Says: Bernard Shaw’s Caesar & Cleopatra Swims Along Across Choppy Waters

I have never seen Bernard Shaw’s Caesar & Cleopatra, a play written in 1898 depicting a fictionalized account of the mentor-like relationship between the two legendary characters, and I don’t know if I was all that interested to be honest. But one of my theatre junkie friends really wanted to, and after seeing the joyfully fun Heartbreak House last September also produced by the Gingold Theatrical Group within the same confines of Theatre Row, I was game to give it a shot (with hesitation). Caesar and Cleopatra, as I was reminded numerous times by my theatre companion, was the basis for the lavish 1945 film starring Claude Rains as Caesar and Vivien Leigh as Cleopatra. Shaw, it turns out, wasn’t all that pleased with the scope of the film, feeling that he had made a tactical error writing something so grand and operatic. He was envisioning something more intimate and thoughtful. My buddy kept telling me how funny and fun this evening was going to be, and he was right, sort of, by half I would say, generously. The other half, not as funny nor as fun as I had hoped.

First performed in March 1899 at the Theatre Royal, Newcastle, the comedy gave us a Julius Caesar who was particular interested and dedicated to literature and the arts, who also believed that people have not been morally improved by civilization and technology. Shaw would have been horrified by our current culture if that was truly the case, where intimacy has been drowned in a sea of technology and access to information. But he did share a passion for the writings of Shakespeare, even though it is said that he wished his plays were more socially aware. You can hear the ode to Shakespeare in the text, particularly in the way the piece is directed by David Staller (GTG’s Major Barbara), although, to play the piece as if it is written by Shakespeare, which this production does on more than one occasion, strips the frivolity and replaces it with a seriousness that drowns the laughs. It also makes the play more museum relic-like rather than finding the modern tones of political and social attitudes bopping in the waves. It stays a float, mind you, but this Caesar and Cleopatra slips a bit in their ability to fully captivate and entertain this audience member.

Brenda Braxton as Ftatateeta Photo credit: Carol Rosegg.

Brenda Braxton (Broadway’s Smokey Joe’s Cafe) energetically brings us into the dreamy tale-telling with a strong regal presence, giving us a taste of what is floating on the water. In this restructuring, as guided by Shaw’s production notes, letters, and magazine articles the director has attempted to tell the story in the way Shaw might have proposed. She is not the Egyptian god Ra, but Ftatateeta, the servant, nurse, caretaker, and stern mistress to the young, feisty, and vulnerable Cleopatra, played with girlish charm by Teresa Avia Lim (LCT/Broadway’s Junk). It’s a compelling nod to feminism and equality of power, in a way,  as she speaks with a strong authority, reminding us of the importance of being an active participant in our lives, regardless of the amount of courage required. She demands to be told what year it is, asking us the telling questions: “Where are we? Is it now, is it then?“, before diving into the dream-like story of a hypothetical time when Caesar, well portrayed by the strong Robert Cuccioli (Red Bull’s The White Devil), meets the young Queen of Egypt. With a nod to the modern excavation site, scenic designer Brian Prather (Off-Broadway’s Daniel’s Husband), with a sure footed blending of modern and period costumes by Tracy Christensen (Kate Hamill’s Pride & Prejudice), lighting by Jamie Roderick (ATA’s Safeword), and sound design by Frederick Kennedy (TAC’s Native Son) summons forth Cleopatra, with school girl charm, who is hiding out in the desert far from her (literally) puppet-King brother, a young child King who is hand held by the power hungry Pothinus (Ptolemy, Sentinel) played by Rajesh Bose (Bedlam’s Pygmalion). It’s a charmingly smart beginning, playfully skipping around the historically inaccurate set up to bring forth some feisty ideals to chew over and play with, while not getting caught up in the age difference and the power inequality. 

Brenda Braxton, Robert Cuccioli and Teresa Avia Lim Photo credit: Carol Rosegg.

It is not love, thankfully, but politics that brings the transformed Cleopatra towards the older Julius Caesar. He values the importance of good government and tries to instill these ideals in the immature Cleopatra, teaching her to assume a more regal and Queen-like stance, in a very Henry Higgins kind of way. It’s a relationship that Shaw would develop more fully in Pygmalion thirteen years later. But here, the teacher of a willful and eccentric girl who would become his student (rather than a lover) denounces violence and vengefulness, offering up the value of clemency, strategy, and a lofty conviction to compassion to keep the peace. At several points in the play, Caesar lets his enemies go free instead of punishing or killing them, an approach that confuses the handsome and muscular Rufio, portrayed strongly by the well armed Jeff Applegate (Pioneer Theatre’s West Side Story). Britannus, sneakingly well played by Jonathan Hadley (Broadway’s Jersey Boys) understands the wisdom of this approach as does Shaw, who hammers home the point when Cleopatra haughtily orders Ftatateeta to kill Pothinus because of his treachery, but in reality, the murder is ordered because of his insulting actions against the Queen. And even though this most likely doesn’t follow historical fact, the revenge made on the Queen’s behalf enrages the Egyptian population, who rises up in revolt, and almost causes the death of all.

Robert Cuccioli, Jeff Applegate, Jonathan Hadley, Dan Domingues, Teresa Avia Lim, and Brenda Braxton. Photo credit: Carol Rosegg.

It’s a wide and deep story, one that reflects much of Shaw’s political/social beliefs, but when performed with a wise and wild wit, like Dan Domingues’s (Public’s Wild Goose Dreams) portrayal of Apolloduorus, the Sicilian, the boat stays upright. When the play is weighed down by serious diction and delivery, that same boat starts to take on water.  I wouldn’t say Caesar’s ship had sunk, as it fortunately has some strong arms like Applegate’s and Domingues’s to keep the crew from taking on too much water. But in the end, Shaw’s play floats, never truly living up to its potential, but not sinking into the deep dark ocean that surrounds them.

Jeff Applegate, Teresa Avia Lim, Dan Domingues, Robert Cuccioli from Bernard Shaw’s Caesar & Cleopatra presented by Gingold Theatrical Group at Theatre Row, NYC. Photo credit: Carol Rosegg.

For more, go to

Off Broadway

My love for theater started when I first got involved in high school plays and children's theatre in London, Ontario, which led me—much to my mother’s chagrin—to study set design, directing, and arts administration at York University in Toronto. But rather than pursuing theater as a career (I did produce and design a wee bit), I became a self-proclaimed theater junkie and life-long supporter. I am not a writer by trade, but I hope to share my views and feelings about this amazing experience we are so lucky to be able to see here in NYC, and in my many trips to London, Enlgand, Chicago, Toronto, Washington, and beyond. Living in London, England from 1985 to 1986, NYC since 1994, and on my numerous theatrical obsessive trips to England, I've seen as much theater as I can possibly afford. I love seeing plays. I love seeing musicals. If I had to choose between a song or a dance, I'd always pick the song. Dance—especially ballet—is pretty and all, but it doesn’t excite me as, say, Sondheim lyrics. But that being said, the dancing in West Side Story is incredible! As it seems you all love a good list, here's two. FAVORITE MUSICALS (in no particular order): Sweeney Todd with Patti Lupone and Michael Cerveris in 2005. By far, my most favorite theatrical experience to date. Sunday in the Park with George with Jenna Russell (who made me sob hysterically each and every one of the three times I saw that production in England and here in NYC) in 2008 Spring Awakening with Jonathan Groff and Lea Michele in 2007 Hedwig and the Angry Inch (both off-Boadway in 1998 and on Broadway in 2014, with Neal Patrick Harris, but also with Michael C. Hall and John Cameron Mitchell, my first Hedwig and my far), Next To Normal with Alice Ripley (who I wish I had seen in Side Show) in 2009 FAVORITE PLAYS (that’s more difficult—there have been so many and they are all so different): Angels in American, both on Broadway and off Lettice and Lovage with Dame Maggie Smith and Margaret Tyzack in 1987 Who's Afraid of Virginai Woolf with Tracy Letts and Amy Morton in 2012 Almost everything by Alan Ayckbourn, but especially Woman in Mind with Julia McKenzie in 1986 And to round out the five, maybe Proof with Mary Louise Parker in 2000. But ask me on a different day, and I might give you a different list. These are only ten theatre moments that I will remember for years to come, until I don’t have a memory anymore. There are many more that I didn't or couldn't remember, and I hope a tremendous number more to come. Thanks for reading. And remember: read, like, share, retweet, enjoy. For more go to

More in Off Broadway

Tony Award winner Jennifer Ehle and Emmy Award winner David Strathairn in PHÈDRE 

Suzanna BowlingFebruary 3, 2023

Ensemble Studio Theatre Announces New Co-Artistic Directors

Suzanna BowlingFebruary 2, 2023

Theatre News: MJ, Teachers Night on Broadway, The Actors Studio, Ragtime and The Wiz

Suzanna BowlingFebruary 1, 2023

The McKittrick Hotel Announces The Return Of The Drama Desk Award Winning Production Of The Strange Undoing of Prudencia Hart

Suzanna BowlingJanuary 29, 2023

Anthony Rapp’s Without You Is a Touching Remembrance on Death and Rent

Suzanna BowlingJanuary 27, 2023

Submissions For Short New Play Festival Open

Suzanna BowlingJanuary 27, 2023

NYTW’s Merrily We Roll Along Triumphs in Reverse, Wonderfully

RossJanuary 25, 2023

The Outer Critics Circle Announces Dates and New Category Distinctions for the 72nd Annual Outer Critics Circle Awards

Suzanna BowlingJanuary 25, 2023
Adrienne Warren

Theatre News: Room, Camelot, Between Riverside and Crazy, Bedlam and Hip Hop Cinderella

Suzanna BowlingJanuary 24, 2023