The Internet is a venue for a great number of activities and, for many of us, an inalienable part of our life. Security matters a lot when it comes to using a PC or mobile device on a regular basis or running a website. Hackers won’t miss a chance to use your website’s vulnerabilities as entries into your private media space or your device as a server that coordinates their illegal activities like spamming, distribution of illegal data, Bitcoin mining, etc. Many users who exercise the I’m-the-last-one-a-hacker-would-need way of thinking end up realizing that they have been hacked, to their great surprise and disappointment. To avoid trouble, one should follow a few simple rules.
- Keep your software updated. Hackers target security holes, which may be present in programs and plugins that you use in your website, as well as in operating systems. Therefore, it is mandatory that you do up those holes every time an updated version of a program or plugin becomes available. If you are using a solution managed by a reliable hosting company, they will do their best to secure you against hacker attacks, because they place reputation above all. Please, be careful if you are using third party software tools and make sure they provide updates on time.
- Use logins and passwords properly. When signing and logging in to pages, use SSL encryption, as it guarantees secure handling of confidential and private information (credit card numbers, passwords, security codes, etc.). The technique helps users encrypt this data in such a way as to make it all gobbledygook for potential hackers. Please, be sure to use strong passwords consisting of at least 8-10 characters, containing both lowercase and uppercase letters, numbers and symbols. This rule should be followed all the time and by every person relating to your business or working in your company.
- Use security tools. Test your website on a regular basis and apply commercial and free software that is intended for scanning vulnerabilities. Check all issue reports thoroughly and pay attention to threats that the systems deem as critical. Also, it is highly advisable to take steps to prevent SQL injections. This technique consists in inserting malicious codes into web form fields and URLs and allows hackers to add, delete, distort, etc. data on your website without your knowledge. It is better to use the HTTP protocol, as it is one of the simplest and most secure ones. Also, take steps to free your website from plugins, applications and databases, which you are not using and which hackers can use to enter your system: there is software that can scan a website or system for such objects.
- Choose a reliable web hosting provider. Reputable web hosting services take great care about their clients’ security and use every method to protect them against hackers. It is recommended to apply to the longest-standing services that rank high on web hosting service lists, as they use advanced software and equipment and never miss a chance to update their servers and programs. A good web host will use a separate server intended for reserving users’ data, so that it can be retrieved in case a website is attacked and a lot of data gets lost. Also, users can create and maintain their own backups on a regular basis, so that they can use them in case of a website failure or data loss.
- Use professional help. There are companies that provide security services for clients around the world. There are things that you cannot handle by yourself, even if you have spent quite a while operating your website. You can contact such a service and have your resource professionally scanned, monitored, updated and upgraded on a constant basis.