As the technology has progressed in different spheres of business, home sciences, education, socializing, etc. The technology has changed the farming trends as well, whether it is agricultural farming or cattle farming. Intensive research under goes the process of changing trends of farming. The care and steps undertaken for better growth of the cattle starts from the very beginning, since the birth of a calf.
Traditional farming methods comprises of feeding the calf of its mother’s milk within the first 12 hours of its birth because the rate of absorption of nutrients is at the highest, i.e. 16.92%. Therefore, the milk consumed by the calf in the first 12 hours of its birth absorbs the highest amount of nutrients from the milk such as, immunoglobins, albumins, anti-bodies, lactose, fatty acids, proteins, minerals, vitamins and fats that are necessary for the calf’s immunity and healthy body. Research shows that after the first 12 hours of the calf’s birth the nutrient absorption capacity declines to almost half of the earlier, i.e. 8.98%, which further declines to 2.63% after the 24 hours of its birth.
Traditionally the calves are fed with dam until the 5-7 days after its birth after which the calf’s diet is changed to some other kind of milk. This is where the use of technology has taken a rise. A huge round of research was done on the cattle farming science. It was identified that calves below 3-4 weeks of age are unable to digest the traditional fodder such as hay and grains that is provided to the cattle as food. Therefore, a lot of research, science and technology went under the process of developing a substitute for the dam, i.e. calf mother’s milk. This is when milk replacers for calves were developed as a major cattle farming product which, which is known as milk replacers for calves that is still in the process of getting popularity, since not all cattle farmers are well acquainted to this concept. This happened after the realization of the fact that just like a human body, whatever is put inside the body effects the health of a calf. Similarly, whatever is put inside the calf’s body effects the health of the calves. Therefore, an effective and permanent solution was produced in the form of milk replacers for calves that provide all the necessary nutrients required for the calf to grow well and healthily ensuring that no diseases are transmitted via whatever is fed to the calf and that the calves grows healthy.
Basically, milk replacers for calves act as a source of food for the calves soon after the first few weeks of a calf’s birth since young calves are unable to digest the traditional fodder comprising of grains and hay. The milk replacers for calves provide provides all the necessary nutrients such as protein, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals through the milk replacer meals.
Now the question arises, why would someone put a calf on milk replacers? What is the benefit of substituting dam for the milk replacers for calves? The benefits of milk replacers for calves outweigh all other available modes of food and nutrition for the newly born calves.
Here are the properties and benefits of milk replacers for calves.
Selection of a Milk Replacer for Calves:The milk replacers for calves come in different chemical and nutrient compositions that vary in the nutrient compositions and kind of proteins they are made of. There are a number of milk replacers for calves available in the market. When buying one for your own cattle farming, one must look at the label. Milk replacers for calves available in the market, those without a label are said to be a good indicator of the quality standard of the milk replacer. Besides, one must look at the nutritional composition of the milk replacer.
Customization:Milk Replacers for Calves are nutritionally customized feeding products that contain similar nutrients provided by the milk. Since a number of cattle farmers tend to sell the raw milk, for which milk replacers for calves can be used as a replacement. The milk replacers for calves ensure the same necessary nutrients such as albumins, anti-bodies, lactose, fatty acids, proteins, minerals, vitamins and fats that are necessary for the calf’s immunity and healthy body. Since, milk replacers for calves are customized therefore a number of producers of milk replacers for calves may produce milk replacers that may have additional components that may not be found in dam milk.
Chemical Composition or Nutritional Composition:An ideal milk replacer for calves must contain 20% to 25% of proteins that are important for the development of lean muscle mass in calves and a fat content of 18% to 22% that is digestible and healthy at the same time. 0.8% moreover, look for milk replacers for calves that offer natural milk proteins similar to that found in dam’s milk. However, milk replacers for calves containing natural milk proteins may be expensive as compared to the milk replacers for calves containing non milk proteins that are commonly found in most of the milk replacers for calves. Furthermore, look for ingredients and compounds named as casine, skimmed milk, whey protein, etc. that help a calf gain weight and also reduce the chances of indigestion and bovine infections.
Prevention from Disease Transmission: Milk replacers for calves come with a specified and set chemical composition that is usually mentioned behind the packaging. Raw milk can cause Johne’s disease and many other diseases can be transmitted into the calf by the calf’s mother via the milk. Pasteurization is a process by which the diseases found in the milk are eliminated by boiling the milk. The rise in temperature of the milk causes the bacteria and diseases to die and eliminate. When the raw milk is sold for human consumption, it is first pasteurized and then consumed. Whereas, in case of calves, the milk is directly consumed without pasteurization, which clearly increases the likelihood of disease transmission.