We often worry about the pollution outside, but what about indoor air quality? Do you know poor indoor air quality cause over 1.6 million deaths a year all over the globe? Have you ever wondered if your indoor air quality is safe for you and your family? As we spend most of our time indoors than outdoors, according to Home air advisor, it’s vital to have cleaner air indoors.
Causes of Low Indoor Air Quality
A low indoor air quality means a high content of pollution in the air. Both internal and external factors can affect your indoor air quality. For example:
- Tobacco products (such as cigarettes and cigars)
- Central heating and cooling systems
- Natural human or pets dead skin
- Fuel-burning appliances (kitchen stoves)
- Furnishing and building materials
- In some cases, even household maintenance products
Comparatively, the number of external factors affecting indoor air quality is less. Two primary externals factors include outdoor air pollution and radon gas that can move inside through the gaps and cracks in buildings.
Compared to the internal sources listed above, external factors have a higher impact on internal air quality. However, not every pollutant is as harmful or has the same effect as others. Some can be more toxic, while others may be less toxic. A friend of yours can be more sensitive to a specific pollutant than you.
Effects of Low Indoor Air Quality
In case the indoor quality remains poor in your home, you may face several health issues. For example, some common health issues associated with poor air quality include:
- Irritated eyes and nose
However, once you are exposed to these toxins, there are acutely high chances of developing more severe health issues such as asthma.
There are also other conditions under which a person can react differently to exposure to polluted air. These conditions include your age, preexisting medical conditions, and sensitivity to specific pollutants.
Moreover, some pollutants have effects similar to those of common colds and flu. This makes it difficult for us to identify them as a symptom caused by exposure to indoor air pollution rather than the former diseases.
To differentiate, notice the time and place of the occurrence of the symptoms. Given that you feel better with a change in location, the toxins in the air are the reason behind it. The effects can often amplify in enclosed spaces where there is a lack of efficient ventilation.
In addition, long-duration or high-intensity exposure to pollution is a prime reason behind short term conditions converting into long-term diseases. The results can sometimes evolve into acute heart and respiratory diseases, even cancer, in some cases. For this reason, it’s of utmost importance to continually invest efforts into improving the indoor air quality.
How to Improve Indoor Air Quality
According to Homeairadvisor.com, there are five key factors you should focus on when maintaining good air quality in the indoor environment:
- Moisture Control
Make sure to keep the humidity at an optimal level, which ranges from 30 to 50 percent. In seasons where the humidity level is generally higher than the optimal level, use a dehumidifier to reduce humidity to its optimal levels.
- Repairing Water Damage
Water leakage can increase moisture levels, promoting the growth of fungi. This may later cause health risks to you and your family. Therefore, it’s vital to fix any leakages on time.
- Proper Ventilation
Make sure you have an appropriate ventilation system in each room or space. To facilitate ventilation, open windows, suitable airways, and exhaust fans can make a huge impact. They not only bring in the fresh air but also help in removing contaminated air from the buildings.
- Create a Non-smoking Environment
Tobacco smoke is very harmful to not only the smokers but also to their friends and family around. The best way to prevent tobacco smoke from harming the air quality is to make sure the property is a no-smoke zone. You can also use a quality air purifier to get rid of the smoke.
Accumulated dust can be harmful to you when breathing in those spaces. Therefore, to effectively eliminate dust as a polluting factor, regular cleaning is a must. Fortunately, there are plenty of modern options out there to help you with cleaning indoor air, like air purifiers, air scrubbers, and more.
In conclusion, maintaining good air quality indoors is an important and useful way to prevent any preventable diseases. The methods, as mentioned above, can help you improve the indoor air quality.